The term “Namasudra” refers to a community or caste primarily found in the Indian states of West Bengal, Assam, and Bangladesh. The Namasudras are also known by other names such as Namassej, Namasseji, and Poundra. Historically, they were categorized as a lower caste or Dalit community within the Hindu social hierarchy.

The origin of the Namasudra community can be traced back to ancient times. They are believed to be descendants of the pre-Aryan indigenous people of Bengal and Assam. The name “Namasudra” is derived from two Sanskrit words, “nama” meaning bow, and “sudra” referring to a lower caste. It is said that their ancestors were archers who served as soldiers and hunters.

During the colonial period, the Namasudras faced significant social and economic marginalization. The British introduced various land reforms and policies that further exacerbated their social disadvantages. However, the community gradually started to organize themselves for better rights and recognition.

One of the prominent figures in the Namasudra community’s struggle for social and political rights was Harichand Thakur. He was a socio-religious reformer who founded the Matua Mahasangha, a socio-religious organization that sought to uplift the Namasudra community. The Matua movement advocated for equality, education, and social reform. It played a significant role in mobilizing the Namasudra community and asserting their political influence.

After India gained independence in 1947 and the subsequent partition that led to the creation of Bangladesh, the Namasudra community faced various challenges related to displacement and resettlement. Many Namasudras migrated from East Bengal (now Bangladesh) to West Bengal and Assam, leading to significant demographic changes in these regions.

In recent times, the Namasudra community has sought to assert its political presence and demand social equality. The community has been recognized as a Scheduled Caste in India, which provides certain constitutional protections and benefits. Namasudra leaders and organizations continue to work towards improving the socio-economic conditions and representation of the community.

The Namasudra community has a rich cultural heritage and a variety of surnames. However, it is important to note that surnames can vary within families and regions, and this list may not be exhaustive. Here is a compilation of some common Namasudra surnames:

Karmakar BarmanSardar
Ghosh SarkarSaha

Please note that this is not an exhaustive list, and there might be other surnames used by individuals belonging to the Namasudra community. Surnames can vary based on different factors such as geographical location, sub-caste, and family traditions.